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KPDS,ÜDS Kelimeleri Fuat TURGUT | 1134


Academic year: 2021

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1. abandon = (1) (birini) terk etmek (= leave) (2) bir şeyden vazgeçmek (= give up)

"We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"

"He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"

2. abbreviate = (1) kısaltmak, özetlemek (2) (matematikte) sadeleştirmek

"Abbreviate 'New York' and write 'NY'"

3. abolish = (toplumdaki

tabuları) yıkmak, sona erdirmek (= do away with)

=get rid of

"Slavery was abolished in the mid-19th century in America and in Russia"

4. absorb = içine çekmek, emmek "The liquids, light, and gases absorb"

"he absorbed the knowledge or beliefs of his tribe"

"The sponge absorbs water well" "The immigrants were quickly absorbed into society"

5. abstain from = (alkol, ilaç vb) --- den sakınmak/ uzak durmak (=avoid from) !

"I abstain from alcohol"

6. abundance = bolluk, bereket Technocrats believe that

classical economics cannot properly deal with abundance, since it only deals with the distribution of scarce resources. 7. abundant = bol, bereketli "an abundant supply of water" 8. accelerate = hızlandırmak, ivme kazandırmak ***

accelerator = gaz pedalı "The car accelerated"

9. accept = kabul etmek, razı olmak

"People did not accept atonal music at that time"

"I shall have to accept these unpleasant working conditions"

10. access = erişmek, ulaşmak "How does one access the attic in this house?"

"He took a wrong turn on the access to the bridge"(noun)


11. accessible to = ulaşılabilir, erişilebilir

"a town accessible by rail" "readily accessible to the nonprofessional reader"

12. accommodate = (misafir, konuk vb) ağırlamak (= put up) =conciliate/reconcile

"This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"

"The scientists had to

accommodate the new results with the existing


13. accompany = (1) eşlik etmek, arkadaşlık etmek (= escort) (2) beraber bulunmak ya da bir arada gözükmek (* Pain and fever

accompany inflammatory diseases)

"The nurse accompanied the old lady everywhere"

"heart attacks are accompanied by distruction of heart tissue"; "this kind of vein accompanies certain arteries"

14. accomplish = başarmak (= achieve)

15. accumulate = (1) birikmek, çoğaltmak (2) biriktirmek, yığmak "Journals are accumulating in my office"

"I am accumulating evidence for the man's unfaithfulness to his wife"

16. accuracy = doğruluk, kesinlik "he was beginning to doubt the accuracy of his compass"

"the atomic clock enabled scientists to measure time with much greater accuracy"

17. accurate = doğru, hatasız, eksiksiz bir şekilde (= precise, correct)

"the accounting was accurate" "an accurate reproduction"

18. accurately = doğru, hatasız, eksiksiz bir şekilde (= precisely, correctly)


19. accuse (of) = birini bir şeyle suçlamak, itham etmek

"The neighbours accused the man of spousal abuse"

20. achieve = başarmak, yerine getirmek

"she achieved her goal despite setbacks"

21. acknowledge as = (1) kabul etmek, --- olarak tanımak (2) (mektup, mesaj vb) aldığını gönderen kişiye bildirmek "She acknowledged that she might have forgotten"

"The program committee

acknowledged the submission of the authors of the paper"

22. acquainted with = aşina olmak, haberdar olmak (= familiar with)

"you should acquaint yourself with your new computer"

"permit me to acquaint you with my son"

23. acquire = (dil, miras, huy vb) edinmek, kazanmak (= obtain, attain) (develop,get,assume) "I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"

"Children acquire language at an amazing rate"

"I acquired a strong aversion to television"

24. acquisition = edinim

"the acquisition of one company by another"

"the child's acquisition of language"

25. activity = faaliyet, aktivite *** activist = bir fikrin aktif destekçisi (= supporter) "his sphere of activity" "respiratory activity"

"catalytic activity"(chemistry) "volcanic activity"

"the level of activity declines with age"


26. adapt = bir şeye uyarlamak, uydurmak ( = adjust)

"Adapt our native cuisine to the available food resources of the new country"

27. addict = bağımlı, tiryaki *** drug addict = eroin bağımlısı "a golf addict"

28. addiction to = bağımlılık, tiryakilik. Being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

"under Roman law addiction was the justification for

slavery"(Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master

29. addition = ilave, ek "the addition of cinnamon improved the flavour" "there was an addition to property taxes this year"

30. additionally = ayrıca, bunun yanı sıra, buna ilaveten (=

furthermore, moreover) "he serves additionally as the CEO"



1.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 1-30.

1 2 3 4 5 6 ACROSS

1.The property of a more than adequate quantity or supply 3. Cause to move faster

4. Someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction

5. The state of being active 6. To gain with effort DOWN

1.Get or gather together

2. Give up with the intent of never claiming again 3. Be present or associated with an event or entity 4. Do away with



4. The quality of being near to the true value

6. Reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

7. Someone who is physiologically dependent on a substance; abrupt deprivation of the substance produces withdrawal symptoms

8. The right to enter DOWN

1. Take in, also metaphorically

2. Conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy

3. Blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against 4. Stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims

5. Make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose 7. Consider or hold as true


31. adequately = yeterli bir şekilde (= sufficiently)

"he was adequately prepared"

32. adjust = (1) uyarlamak (= adapt)

(2) alışmak (= get used to)

"Adjust the clock, please" "We must adjust to the bad economic situation"

"Adjust your eyes to the darkness"

33. adjustment = düzeltme,intibak, uyma

34. administer = (1) idare etmek, yönetmek (2) (damardan ilaç vb) vermek, sağlamak

"she administers the funds"

35. admire = hayran olmak

36. admit = kabullenmek, itiraf etmek

"We cannot admit non-members into our club building"

"He admitted his errors"

37. adopt = (1) evlat edinmek (= take up) (2) (önlem, tedbir vb) almak (adopt measure) (3) (başkasına ait bir şeyi) benimsemek (dil, din vb)

"They adopted two children from Nicaragua"

"he adopted an air of superiority" "They adopted the Jewish faith"

38. adore = çok sevmek, tapmak "he just adored his wife"

39. adverse = zıt, kötü "adverse circumstances" "adverse currents" 40. advocate = (1) savunmak (= defend) (2) desteklemek (= support)


"The doctor advocated a smoking ban in the entire house"

41. affect = etkilemek (= influence)

"Will the new rules affect me?" "the medicine affects my heart rate"

"This new ruling affects your business"

42. aggravate = gittikçe kötüye gitmek, fenalaşmak (= deteriorate, worsen)

"This drug aggravates the pain"

43. aggressive = saldırgan

"he was aggressive and imperious; positive in his convictions"

"an aggressive tumour"

"aggressive acts against another country"

44. aid = yardım etmek (= help) "visual aids in teaching" (A resource)(n)

"rescue party went to their aid" (The activity of contributing to the fulfilment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose)(n)

45. alien (to) = yabancı "alien customs"

"an economic theory alien to the spirit of capitalism"

"The will aliened the property to the heirs"

(Transfer property or ownership) (v)

46. alongside = yanında, bitişiğinde (beside, next to) =aboard(side by side)

47. alter = değiştirmek (= change)

"The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"

"This dress needs to be altered" 48. alteration = değişiklik (modification, adjustment, revision)

49. amazing = şaşırtıcı, hayran bırakıcı (= astonishing)


"she does an amazing amount of work"

"New York is an amazing city" "Your ability to speak six languages amazes me!" (v)

50. amend = değişiklik yapmak (kanunda düzenleme yapmak anlamındaki gibi)

"amend the document"

51. amendment = değişiklik, (kanun vb) üzerinde değişiklik yapmak (= alteration)


52. amusing = eğlenceli, zevkli "an amusing film with a steady stream of pranks and pratfalls" "The clown amused the children " (v)

53. announce = anons etmek, ilan etmek (= give out, declare)

"He announced the winners of the spelling bee"

54. anticipate = ummak, beklemek(=expect)(=predict)

"This composition anticipates Impressionism"

(Be a forerunner of or occur earlier than)

55. apologize = özür dilemek (apologize to someone for something)

"He apologized for the many typos"

56. appalling = korkunç (= dreadful, horrendous)(dismaying) "appalling conditions"

"is it better to view the appalling or merely hear of it?"

(An experience that appals)(n) 57. appointment = (1) atama, tayin (2) randevu (= rendezvous)

"the appointment had to be approved by the whole committee"

58. appreciate = (1) takdir etmek, değerini bilmek (2) anlamak, farkına varmak

"Do you appreciate the full meaning of this letter?"

"The yen appreciated again!" (Gain in value)

59. approach = (1) (zaman/ mesafe bakımından birine/bir şeye)


mevkiye vb) müracaatta bulunmak, ricada bulunmak

"We were approaching our destination"

"His playing approaches that of Horowitz"

(Come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character) "approach a new project"

(Begin to deal with)

"I was approached by the President to serve as his adviser in foreign matters"

(Make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion)

"his approach to every problem is to draw up a list of pros and cons" (Ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation)(n) 60. appropriately = uygun olarak (= suitably)

"he was appropriately dressed" EXERCISES 30-60

1.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 30-60.


1.Speak, plead, or argue in favour of or a lawyer who pleads cases in court. 5. Work in an administrative capacity; supervise or be in charge of

6. Declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of 7. Inspiring awe or admiration or wonder

9. Make worse 12. Love intensely

13. Characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

14. Make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion

16. Adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions./ Alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a Standard.

18. In an appropriate manner

19. Defend, explain, clear away,or make excuses for by reasoning 20. Act physically on; have an effect upon

21. Regard something as probable or likely


1.Being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world 2. Fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised 3. Providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining

4. Contrary to your interests or welfare

8. In an adequate manner or to an adequate degree 10. To make beter

11. Give the names of 12. Increase the value of

13. Cause to change; make different; cause a transformation 15. A meeting arranged in advance

16. Feel admiration for

17. Side by side/ Next to, at the side of

19. Choose and follow; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans 21. Give help or assistance; be of service.



2.Make a prediction about; tell in advance

4. Come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character 5. Look at with admiration

6. Make correspondent or conformable 7. Make known; make an announcement DOWN

1.Take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities 2. Love intensely


61. approve of = onaylamak, uygun bulmak, tasvip etmek

"I approve of his educational policies"

62. arrange = düzenlemek, ayarlamak (toplantı, randevu vb) "arrange the books on the shelves in chronological order"

"Can you arrange a meeting with the President?"

63. artefact = insan eliyle yapılmış (sanat)

64. ascend = yukarı çıkmak, yükselmek, tırmanmak (= go up / climb up)

"The mountaineers slowly ascended the steep slope"

"She ascended to the throne after the King's death"

(Become king or queen)

"The boat ascended the Delaware"

65. ask for = ricada bulunmak, bir şey istemek

66. aspire = şiddetle arzu etmek, çok istemek

I’ve always aspired to be a singer 67. assemble = (1) bir araya getirmek, toplamak (= gather) (2) monte etmek (= put up)

"We assembled in the church basement"

"assemble your colleagues"

68. assess = değerlendirmek (= evaluate)

"Our house hasn't been assessed in years"

69. assign = atamak, tayin etmek, görevlendirmek (= appoint)

"The teacher assigned him to lead his classmates in the exercise" "The biologist assigned the mushroom to the proper class"


(Decide as to where something belongs in a scheme)

70. assist somebody in something = birine bir konuda yardım etmek

"Is a salesperson assisting you?" "he gave me an assist with the housework" (n)

71. associate = (zihninde

insanlar/eşyalar arasında) çağrışım yapmak, çağrıştırmak (2) (kötü yolda olan veya kötü alışkanlıkları olan insanlarla) arkadaşlık yapmak, düşüp kalkmak

I always associate the smell of baking with my childhood.

"He associates with strange people"

72. assume = (1) elinde delil olmadan bir şeyin doğru olduğunu düşünmek veya kabul etmek, farz etmek (= conclude) (2)

(sorumluluk/vebal vb) üstlenmek, üzerine almak (= take on)

"I assume his train was late"

"When will the new President assume office?"

"She assumed strange manners" (Take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect)

73. assure = birine teminat vermek, emin kılmak, garanti vermek

"I assured him that travelling to Cambodia was safe"

74. astonishment = şaşırtmak, şaşırmak (= amazement,


"he looked at me in astonishment" 75. attach = iliştirmek, eklemek (= enclose)

"The spider's thread attached to the window sill"

76. attack = saldırmak, saldırı "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"

"The editors of the left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker"

77. attain = elde etmek, erişmek (= gain, obtain)

78. attainment = ulaşmak, erişmek "the attainment of independence"


"his attainment of puberty was delayed by malnutrition"

79. attend = iştirak etmek, katılmak

"She attends class regularly" "I must attend to this matter" (Take charge of or deal with)

"Menuhin's playing was attended by a 15-minute standing ovation"

(To accompany as a circumstance or follow as a result)

80. attribute =

(bir sebebe/nedene) dayandırmak (= base on/upon)

"We attributed this quotation to Shakespeare"

81. auditorium = dinlenme/izleme salonu, seyircilerin oturduğu bölüm

82. available = mevcut, var olan "much information is available through computers"

"the list of available candidates is unusually long"

83. avert = (1) olmasını önlemek (2) başka yöne çevirmek (trafik akışını vb)

"avert a strike"

"They averted their eyes when the King entered"

84. avoidable = kaçınılabilir, engellenebilir

85. award = ödül "an award for bravery"

86. backward = geri kalmış, geriye doğru

"tripped when he stepped backward" "it's easy to get the 'i' and the 'e' backward in words like 'seize' and 'siege'"

"lovers of the past looking fondly backward"

(In or to or toward a past time) "an economically backward country" (Having made less than normal progress)(adj)

"a backward view"

(Directed or facing toward the back or rear)(adj)

87. badly in need of = bir şeye/birine çok muhtaç olmak "God has no need of men to accomplish His work"


88. barely = (1) hemen hemen hiç, neredeyse hiç (2) güçlükle (= hardly, scarcely)

"they could barely hear the speaker" "a barely furnished room"

(In a sparse or scanty way)

89. bargain = (1) pazarlık, anlaşma (2) pazarlık etmek (3) kelepir, ucuz eşya

"he made a bargain with the devil"

"she got a bargain at the auction" "We bargained for a beautiful rug in the bazaar"

(Negotiate the terms of an exchange)

90. barren = kurak, verimsiz (= infertile, arid)

"barren lands"

"the barrens of central Africa" (An uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation)



1.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 61-90.


1. Decide as to where something belongs in a scheme 4.to append or fasten one thing to another

5. Give help or assistance; be of service 7. Consider obligatory; request and expect

8. The area of a theatre or concert hall where the audience sits 10. A man-made object taken as a whole


12. Turn away or aside

13. An agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each

14. Move to a better position in life or to a better job 15. Have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal


2.In a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal

3. Evaluate or estimate the nature, quality, ability, extent, or significance of 4. Capable of being avoided or warded off

5. Create by putting components or members together 6. Take the initiative and go on the offensive

7. Keep company with; hang out with

9. Be present at (meetings, church services, university), etc. 11. Appropriate to; intended for

12. Something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery


3.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 61-90.


4.Decide as to where something belongs in a scheme 5. Because of

6. Take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or prof 7. Appear to be moving upward, as by means of tendrils

9. Select something or someone for a specific purpose 10. Inquire about



2. A man-made object taken as a whole 3. Put into a proper or systematic order

4. Inform positively and with certainty and confidence 7. Convenient for use or disposal

8. Estimate the value of (property) for taxation 91. basic = temel (= essential,


"basic changes in public opinion occur because of changes in priorities"

92. bazaar = pazar, alışveriş yeri "the church bazaar"

(A sale of miscellany; often for charity)

93. behave = davranmak "Don't behave like a fool"


97. bitingly satirical = aşırı alaycı, insafsızca eleştirme

"a persistent campaign of mockery by the bitingly satirical fortnightly magazine"

98. bizarre = tuhaf, acayip (= strange, weird) (eccentric)

"restaurants of bizarre design--one like a hat, another like a rabbit"

99. blanket = battaniye "snow blanketed the fields" (Cover as if with a blanket)(v) "blanket sanctions against human-rights violators"

(Broad in scope or content)(adj)

100. blaze = (1) ateş, alev, yangın (2) parlamak

"the blaze spread rapidly" "Meteors blazed across the atmosphere"

"the horse had a blaze between its eyes"(A light-coloured marking) "He blazed away at the men" (Shoot rapidly and repeatedly) "The spaceship blazed out into space"(Move rapidly)


101. bolt = fırlayıp kaçmak, tabanları yağlamak

"The listeners bolted when he discussed his strange ideas"

102. branch = dal, branş "botany is a branch of biology" "the Germanic branch of Indo-European languages"

103. break off = (nişan, nikah vb) bozmak, ayrılmak

"break off the negotiations" (Prevent completion)

104. breed = (1) (hayvan için) doğurmak, yavrulamak (2) hayvan yetiştirmek

"pandas rarely breed in captivity" "She breeds dogs"

"Google represents a new breed of entrepreneurs"

(A special type)

105. bribery = rüşvet *** offer bribes = rüşvet teklif etmek (=graft)

106. bride = gelin

The bride was very beautiful in her snow-white wedding dress.

107. brief = kısa, öz *** in brief = kısaca, öz olarak

"a brief stay in the country" "a brief bikini"

(of clothing) very short

"The reporters were briefed about the President's plan to invade" (Give essential information to someone)

108. bring up = (1) çocuk büyütmek (2) kusmak (3) ortaya (konu vb) atmak

"This player was brought up to the major league"

(Promote from a lower position or rank)

109. broadcast = (radyo, televizyon, hava durumu için) yayın-lamak

Star TV is the first channel that broadcasted after the state channel TRT in Turkey.

"broadcast seeds"

(Sow over a wide area, especially by hand)


110. Broadly speaking = Genel konuşmak gerekirse (= generally, mostly)

Without regard to specific details or exceptions

111. broil = ızgara yapmak, kavurmak

"broil fish"

"The sun broils the valley in the summer"

"The town was broiling in the sun"

112. bullfight = boğa güreşi (=corrida)

“A matador should be well trained for the bullfights in the arenas”

113. bully = (1) kabadayı, zorba (2) kabadayılık yapmak, zorbalık yapmak "Her big brother always bullied her when she was young"

"he did a bully job" (Very good)

114. burial = gömü, gömme “At the ancient sites of Turkey there are lots of burial grounds.”

115. burn = (1) yakmak (2) yanmak "They burned the house and his diaries"

"The candles were burning"

116. button = düğme

"the elevator was operated by push buttons"

"they passed out campaign buttons for their candidate"

(A round flat badge displaying information and suitable for pinning onto a garment)

117. calculator = hesap makinesi (=estimator,reckoner)

118. call for = talep etmek, istemek (= demand)

"She called for room service"

"This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"

(Require as useful, just, or proper)

119. calm = sakin

"remained calm throughout the uproar"



1.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 91-119.


1. The act of moving with great haste 2. Destroy by fire

4. Interrupt before its natural or planned end 6. Dearly loved

7. Steadiness of mind under stres

11. Provide for and care for during childhood

12. A round fastener sewn to shirts and coats etc to fit through buttonholes 13. A shop where a variety of goods are sold

14. An uncultured, aggressive, rude, noisy troublemaker 15. A woman participant in her own marriage ceremony

16. A Spanish or Portuguese or Latin American spectacle; a matador baits and (usually) kills a bull in an arena before many spectators



1.Without regard to specific details or exceptions 2. Serving as a base or starting point

3. Something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

4. Cause to procreate (animals)

5. Bedding that keeps a person warm in bed

8. Conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

9. The practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage

10. Show a certain behaviour; conduct or comport oneself 11. Be very hot, due to hot weather or exposure to the sun


3.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 91-119.


1.A person who deliberately intimidates or is cruel to weaker people 2. A division of some larger or more complex organization

5. A small machine that is used for mathematical calculations 6. Shine intensely, as if with heat

8. Concealing something under the ground

10. Be very hot, due to hot weather or exposure to the sun 11. The act of moving with great haste


1. Message that is transmitted by radio or television 3. Not agitated; without losing self-possession 4. Raise from a lower to a higher position

7. The practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage


120. can’t take one’s eyes off = gözlerini birinden veya bir şeyden alamamak

“She’s so beautiful that I can’t take my eyes off.”

121. cancel = iptal etmek (= call off)

"Cancel the election results" "cancel the dinner party"

122. captivating = büyüleyici (= enchanting, fascinating)

"Atatürk was a captivating speaker"

123. captive = tutsak, esir

“Iraq war captives are imprisoned in bad conditions”

124. captivity = tutsaklık, esaret "he was held in captivity until he died"

"So every bondman in his own hand bears the power to cancel his captivity"

125. capture = yakalamak, ele geçirmek, tutsak etmek

(= apprehend)

"She captured all the men's hearts" "This nucleus has captured the slow-moving neutrons"

(Bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit)

126. careless = dikkatsiz

"forgotten by some careless person" "an impression of careless elegance" (Effortless and unstudied)

127. carry out = (çalışma, deney, anket vb) yürütmek, icra etmek (= fulfil, conduct)

"carry out a task"

128. carve = (1) (tahta vb) oymak (2) (et vb) kesmek


"carve one's name into the bark"

129. casually = günlük, sıradan, havadan sudan

"he dealt with his course work casually"

130. caution = uyarı, dikkat

"he exercised caution in opening the door"

131. cease = sona erdirmek, durdurmak ( cease-fire= ateşkes) “The troops ceased-fire after the negotation”

132. ceaseless = aralıksız, durmadan (= non-stop)

"the ceaseless thunder of surf"

133. celebration = kutlama "the celebration of marriage"

134. celebrity = ünlü

"he was a baseball celebrity"

135. census = nüfus sayımı

“Turkey’s new population is

approximately 70 million according to the last census.”

136. ceremony = tören

"a ceremony commemorating the foundation of Turkish Republic" 137. charge (with) = --- ile yargılamak (mahkemede) (=accuse) "he charged the director with indifference"

"He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"

(Impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to)

"he saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork"

(To make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle)

"Will I get charged for this service?"

(Demand payment)

"charge the wagon with hay" (Fill or load to capacity)

138. circulate = dolaşmak, dolaştırmak, deveran etmek (vücuttaki kan vb)

"Blood circulates in my veins" "This letter is being circulated among the faculty"


139. circulation = (1) dolaşım (2) gazete tirajı, günlük satış oranı "by increasing its circulation the newspaper hoped to increase its advertising"

140. cite = örneklemek, adından bahsetmek, değinmek (= refer to, mention)

"he was cited for his outstanding achievements"

141. citizen = vatandaş Citizenship = Vatandaşlık “The people live in Turkey are Turkish citizen”

142. clarify = açıklamak (= explain) "clarify the mystery surrounding her death"

"clarify the butter"; "clarify beer" (Make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating)

143. claw = pençe, hayvan pençesindeki kıvrık tırnak

"They clawed their way to the top of the mountain"

(Move as if by clawing, seizing, or digging)(v)

144. clearance = (1) mağazayı boşaltma, malları elden çıkarma, tasfiye (2) izin, yeşil ışık

"the plane was given clearance to land"

145. close = (sıfat) yakın "how close are we to town?"

"we are all...in close sympathy with..."

146. closed = kapalı

"the many closed streets made travel difficult"

"our neighbours peeped from behind closed curtains"

147. closure = (1) kapanış (2) iflas "they regretted the closure of the day care centre"

148. coincide with = aynı zamana denk gelmek/tesadüf etmek (= fall on the same date)

“The celebrations of two countries coincided with eachother so they organized the celebrations



149. collapse = (1) (bina vb için) çökmek (2) bayılmak

"The school system is collapsing"

"the collapse of the old star under its own gravity" (n)


1.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 120-149.


1. Go with, fall together

4. Make reference to/Commend 5. Warn strongly; put on guard

6. To make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle 7. Break down, literally or metaphorically

8. Put in effect


11. Marked by lack of attention or consideration or forethought or thoroughness; not careful

12. Approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap


1. Capturing interest as if by a spell 2. Not methodically or according to plan

3. The state or quality of being widely honoured and acclaimed 4. Make clear and (more) comprehensible

6. The distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them 7. Not open or affording passage or access

9. A periodic count of the population

10. Have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical


3.Fill in the puzzle by using the appropriate words 120-149.


2. Put an end to a state or an activity 3. The state of being imprisoned 5. Cut to pieces

6. Remove or make invisible

8. A native or naturalized member of a state or other political community 9. A formal event performed on a special occasion



2. Succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase

4. Sharp curved horny process on the toe of a bird or some mammals or reptiles 5. Make reference to

7. To make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle 8. A periodic count of the population

150. collapsible = katlanabilir (kanepe vb)

"a collapsible boat"

151. collar = (1) yaka (2) tasma "the thief was forced to wear a heavy wooden collar"

"a collar of flowers was placed about the neck of the winning horse"

152. colleague = iş arkadaşı "the surgeon consulted his colleagues"

153. collide with = çarpışmak (= crash into)

“The minister announced that the meteoroid could collide with the earth.”

154. commence = başlamak (= start) commencement speech = açılış


“The president commenced his speech welcoming all the journalists.”

“The commencement speech shouldn’t be too long.”

155. comment on = yorum yapmak (= interpret)

"from time to time she contributed a personal comment on his account" "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"

156. commercial = ticari

"commercial trucker"; "commercial TV"; "commercial diamonds"

157. commit = kalkışmak, yeltenmek (suç, cürüm) işelemek (kendini işine, ailesine vb) adamak (= devote)

"She committed herself to the work of God"

158. commit = kalkışmak, yeltenmek *** commit suicide = intihar etmek

"the terminally ill patient committed suicide"


159. common = (1) ortak (2)

sıradan, yaygın -in common with = --- ile ortak nokta

"common lands are set aside for use by all members of a community" "in common with other companies they advertise widely"

160. commonplace = yaygın, sıradan (= ordinary, usual)

"air travel has now become commonplace"

"his remarks were trite and commonplace"

161. commuter = ev ile iş arasında mekik dokuyan/gidip gelen

“He is a commuter,he drives nearly 60 miles from home to work


162. companion = dost, arkadaş “After work they meet very evening at pubs because they are very close drinking companion.”

163. company = (1) arkadaşlık, dostluk (2) şirket

"he has been away for two years that’s why he missed their company"

"he only invests in large well-established companies"

164. compel = zorlamak, mecbur bırakmak (= force, oblige)

"the water shortage compels conservation"

165. compensation for = (1) tazminat ödemek (2) telafi etmek “The bus company compensationed for the injury.”

166. compete = rekabet etmek, yarışmak ***competition = müsbaka, yarış

“Coca Cola and Pepsi have been competed in the market for years.”

167. compete against = başkasıyla yarışmak, rekabet etmek

“Nowadays small local markets compete against the enormous malls”

168. compete with = başkasıyla aynı yerden beslenmek/geçim sağlamak (kangurular koyunların otlaklarından otlanan rakip hayvanlar olması gibi) “You ought to be respectful all the rules in the company, noone wants to lose the job because all of us


169. competition = (1) rekabet (2) müsabaka, yarış

"business competition can be fiendish at times"

170. compile = derlemek, bir araya getirmek (bilgi, delil vb)

“I compiled the most tested words of KPDS in this booklet”

171. complain to somebody about something = şikayet etmek

“We complained to the hotel manager about the inadequate facilities of the hotel”

172. completely = tamamen, bütünüyle (= entirely)

"it was completely different from what we expected"

"he had filled out the form completely"

173. comply (with) = --- e uymak,---e itaat uymak,---etmuymak,---ek (= abiduymak,---e by)

"He complied with my instructions" "You must comply or else!"

174. compose = oluşturmak,

meydana getirmek *** be composed of = --- den oluşmak

"Greed and ambition composed his personality"

175. compound = bir sürü binanın bulunduğu etrafı çevrili mekan “Turkish workers live with their families in luxurious compounds in Saudi Arabia.”

176. comprise = içermek (= include) "The land he conquered comprised several provinces"

"A totally new idea is comprised in this paper"

"These few men comprise his entire army"

177. compute = hesap yapmak, bir notu bilgisayara girmek

(= calculate )

“The cashiers have to compute all the accounts before midmight.”

178. conceal = gizlemek, saklamak (= hide)

"She conceals her anger well" 179. conceive as = (1) --- olarak algılamak/düşünmek (2) conceive of = bir şeyi ilk kendisi akıl etmek (=


senaryonun konusu vb) (3) gebe kalmak

"He conceived of a robot that would help paralysed patients"

180. conclude = sonuç çıkarmak (= assume)

"The committee concluded the meeting"

"They concluded an economic agreement"

"We concluded a cease-fire"

181. conclusion = sonuç, netice, yargı

"his conclusion took the evidence into account"

"the conclusion of the peace treaty" "in conclusion I want to say..."

(The last section of a communication)

182. condition = durum, hal / koşul,şart

"the human condition"

"the contract set out the conditions of the lease"

(“usually plural” a statement of what is required as part of an agreement) "he conditions old cars"

(Put into a better state)

183. conditionally = şartlı olarak, belli şartlara bağlı

"he accepted the offer conditionally"

184. conduct = (1) (deney, anket vb) idare etmek, yürütmek (= carry out) (2) (isim hali) davranış (= behaviour) "You cannot conduct business like this"

"They conducted themselves well during these difficult times"

185. conduct = rehberlik etmek (=guide)

"He conducted us to the palace"

186. confess = itiraf etmek (= speak out,admit)

"She confessed that she had taken the money"

187. confident (of) = emin "confident of fulfilment" "was confident he would win" (Persuaded of; very sure)

188. confine to = (1) sınırlamak, bir yere mahkum etmek (2) hapse atmak (= imprison)


Restrict or confine, "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"

189. confirm = (1) onaylamak, doğrulamak (= verify) (2) (bir iddiayı, davayı vb) güçlendirmek, pekiştirmek (= strengthen)

"his story confirmed my doubts" "The witnesses confirmed the victim's account"

190. conflict = (1) çatışma, savaş (2) anlaşamama, tartışma

"the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"

191. conflict with = çatışmak, çarpışmak, savaşmak

"This behaviour conflicts with our rules"

192. conform to = uymak, uyuşmak (= obey the rules)

"conform to the rules"

193. confront = (1) karşılaşmak, yüz yüze gelmek (2) confront about = yüzleştirmek

"The two enemies finally confronted each other"

"You must confront your problems" 194. confuse = karıştırmak, şaşırmak

"These questions confuse even the experts"

"The constant attention of the young man confused her"

(Cause to feel embarrassment)

195. conquer = (1) fethetmek (2) yenmek, galip gelmek

"conquer one's desires" "conquer your fears"

196. consent = (1) razı olmak (2) izin,rıza (= permission)

"he indicated his consent"

197. consent to = razı olmak “I cannot consent to travel around the world to earn a little money in this business”

198. consequence = sonuç, netice (= result)

"his decision had depressing consequences for business"


199. conserve = korumak, muhafaza etmek

"The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"

"conserve your energy for the ascent to the summit"

(Use cautiously and frugally)

200. considerable = büyük ölçüde, önemli miktarda, azımsanamaz X negligible

"the economy was a considerable issue in the campaign"

"spent a considerable amount of time on the problem"

201. considerably = önemli ölçüde, oldukça

"painting the room white made it seem considerably larger"

"the house has fallen considerably in value"

202. considerately = düşünceli/ nazik bir şekilde

"they considerately withdrew" 203. consideration = göz önünde bulundurma/düşünme

"another consideration is the time it would take"

204. consist of = ibaret olmak, meydana gelmek

"What does this dish consist of?" "Desires are to be satisfied only so far as consists with an approved end"

(Be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous)

205. conspire against = birine komplo kurmak (= plot against) "They conspired against the government"

206. constantly = 1-sürekli "the world is constantly changing" 207. constantly = her daim "constantly kind and gracious"

208. constitute = oluşturmak, meydana getirmek (= make up) "These constitute my entire belonging"

209. constrain = zorlamak (= restrain, force)


“Don’t constrain the rules”

210. construct =inşa etmek, yapmak (= build)

"Some eccentric constructed the electric shoes warmer"

"construct an equilateral triangle" (Draw with suitable instruments and under specified conditions)

211. consult = danışmak (= check with)

"They had to consult before arriving at a decision"

"You should consult the dictionary"

212. consume = tüketmek (= use up)

"this car consumes a lot of gas" "The effort to pass the exam consumed all his energy"

"The fire consumed the building" (Destroy completely)

213. contact with = birisi ile kontak/temas kurmak, irtibata geçmek

"they claimed that they had been in contact with extraterrestrial


214. contemporary = çağdaş, aynı çağda yaşayan

"the composer Salieri was contemporary with Mozart"

215. content with = --- den memnun "He contented himself with one glass of beer per day"

216. contest = yarışmak, müsabaka *** beauty contest = güzellik


"They contested the outcome of the race"

217. continent = kıta

"pioneers had to cross the continent on foot"

218. contract = (1) sözleşme yapmak (2) küçülmek, büzülmek (= shrink) (3) hastalık kapmak “Roberto Carlos signed a two year contract with Fenerbahçe”

"The heat contracted the woollen garment"


219. contradict = çelişmek

“The wage and the job contradicts.”

220. contradictory = çelişkili, tutarsız, kendini yalancı çıkaran (= inconsistent)

"'perfect' and 'imperfect' are contradictory terms"

"contradictory attributes of unjust justice and loving vindictiveness"

221. contribute to = katkıda bulunmak

“Constructing underground

transportation system contributes to traffic in the city"

222. controversial = tartışmalı, fikir ayrılığına sebep olan

(= disputable, debatable)

"the issue of the death penalty is highly controversial"

"Rushdie's controversial book" "a controversial decision on affirmative action"

223. controversy = anlaşmazlık, fikir ayrılığı

“There is an important controversy between two companies”

224. conventional = geleneksel, alışılagelen

"she had strayed from the path of conventional behaviour"

225. converse = (1) karşıt, zıt (2) konuşmak

"'parental' and 'filial' are converse terms"

226. convert into = dönüştürmek (= change)

"Could you convert my dollars into pounds?"

227. convict = mahkum, tutuklu "The man was convicted of fraud and sentenced"

228. convince = ikna etmek "He had finally convinced several customers of the advantages of his product"

229. correctly = doğru bir şekilde, düzgünce (= accurately, precisely) "the flower had been correctly depicted by his son"


230. correspond to = bir şeyle uymak, uygun düşmek, tekabül etmek (= agree, match)

231. correspond with = birisi ile yazışmak

“I have been corresponding with my English pen pal for about five years”

232. counterpart = karşılığı, dengi “’Sultan’ is the counterpart of ‘King’”

233. couple = çift

"a married couple from Chicago" "he's coming for a couple of days" (A small indefinite number)

234. course = (1) gidişat, ilerleme (zaman/mekan içinde) *** in the course of = ---nın esnasında (2) (nehir için) akış yönü (3) öğrenim, kurs

“The course of events”

“The ship changed its course 15 degrees towards south.”

"she prepared a three course meal"

(Part of a meal served at one time) 235. cramped = dar,sıkışık

"trying to bring children up in cramped high-rise apartments"

236. crash = (1) kaza, şiddetli ses, iflas (2) yere düşme , çarpma

"The car crashed into the lamp post" "The branch crashed down on my car"

237. crawl = emeklemek

"The crocodile was crawling along the riverbed"

"the traffic advanced at a crawl" (A very slow movement)

238. create = yaratmak

"He created a new movement in painting"

"Schoenberg created twelve-tone music"

239. credibly = inanılır bir şekilde (= believably)


240. criminal = ciddi bir suç/cürüm işlemiş,suçlu

"criminal in the sight of God and man"

"a criminal waste of talent"

241. crippled = felçli, kötürüm (= paralysed) (2) engellenmiş, gerilemiş (ekonomi vb)

"The accident has crippled her for life"

"This measure crippled our efforts" (Deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless)

242. crocodile = timsah (= alligator)

Large voracious aquatic reptile having a long snout with massive jaws and sharp teeth and a body covered with bony plates; of sluggish tropical waters

243. cross out = üstünü çizmek, silmek (= delete)

“I have to cross out your name from the attendance card if you don’t come to the next course”

244. crumble = ufalanmak, parçalanmak (= disintegrate, fall apart)

"The cookies crumbled"

"the building crumbled after the explosion"

245. cultivate = tarım yapmak, tarlayı vb sürüp ekmek

"cultivate the land"

"Cultivate your musical taste"

(Teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment)

246. curator = sanat galerisi/ müze/kütüphane görevlisi

“Ask the details of the book to the curator”

247. currency = para birimi

“Currency of the major financial and industrial European countries is Euro”

248. curve = eğim, eğmek "the road curved sharply"


249. custom = gelenek, görenek *** customs = gümrük

“ Kissing the hands of an elder is a custom in Turkey”

"I have given this tailor my custom for many years"

(Habitual patronage)

250. customary = geleneksel (= traditional)

"sealed the deal with the customary handshake"

251. debate = tartışmak "We debated the question of abortion"

252. debt = borç

"he is badly in debt because of using the credit cards thoughtlessly”

253. deceit = kandırmak *** deceitful = hilekar, hileci

"Some companies deceived the people by giving deceitful

advertisements in the newspapers"

254. deceive = kandırmak, kafaya almak (= take in)(=betray)

“The insurance company deceived me when they told me they were

covering my house"

255. decipher = şifresini çözmek "I have bought a new converter programme to decipher the codes of some folders”

256. decipher = anlamını meydana çıkarmak

"Can you decipher this letter?" 257. declare = ilan etmek, beyan etmek

"He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"

258. decline = (1) azalmak, gerilemek (2) kibarca reddetmek (= turn down)

"he declined to join the group on a hike"

259. dedicate = kendini adamak (= devote to, commit oneself to) "The Beauty Queen spends her time dedicating parks and nursing homes"


260. dedicate to = kendini adamak (= devote to)

"She dedicated her book to her parents"

261. deduce = sonuç çıkarmak (= conclude, assume)

“He is not suitable for this job,I deduced from his behaviour“

262. deduction = tümevarım, sonuç (= conclusion)

“According to the deduction of a survey it is clear that most of the students are not willing to get a master degree”

263. deepen = derinleştirmek, derinleşmek

"This event only deepened my convictions"

"They deepened the lake so that bigger pleasure boats could use it" "Her voice deepened when she whispered the password"

264. defeat = yenmek, bozguna uğratmak (= beat)

"defeat your enemies"

265. defect = bozukluk, kusur, hata, sakatlık *** speech defect = konuşma özrü

"that interpretation is an

unfortunate defect of our lack of information"

266. defend = savunmak

“The army announced a new defence programme to defend the country against her enemies”

267. define = tanımlamak "Define 'sadness'"

"What defines a good wine?" "The camera could define the smallest object"

(Show the form or outline of)

268. degeneration = yozlaşma, aslını kaybetme

“There is a degeneration in the society because of the lack of education”

269. delay = geciktirmek "Don't delay your application to graduate school or else it won't be considered"


"the comedy was delightful"

271. deliver = (1) siparişi teslim dağıtmak/teslim etmek (= distribute) (2) doğurmak vermek (3) deliver speech = konuşma yapmak

"our local super market delivers" "Marx and Engels gave birth to communism"

“The prime minister delivered speech at the Chamber of London last week”

272. demand = (1) talep, istek (2) talep etmek, istemek ***in demand = revaçta

"She demanded to see the manager" "the most in demand(sought-after) item was the silver candelabrum" 273. demobilize = askerden terhis etmek

"He was demobilized after eighteen months of service"

274. demolish = yıkmak, parçalamak (= do away with)

"the wrecking ball demolished the building"

275. demonstrate = (1) uygulamalı bir şekilde göstermek (= show) (2) gösteri yapmak, protesto düzenlemek "The experiment demonstrated the instability of the compound"

"Thousands demonstrated against globalization during the meeting of the most powerful economic nations in Seattle"

276. deny = (1) inkar etmek (2) yapmasını yasaklamak (deny somebody to do something) "She denied that she had taken money"

"the prisoners were denied the right to exercise for more than 2 hours a day"

277. depress = (1) üzmek

(= sadden, upset) (2) bastırmak (= press down)

"These news depressed her" "The glut of oil depressed gas prices"

"The lack of rain had depressed the water level in the reservoir"

278. derive from = çıkarmak, gelmek

"The present name derives from an older form"


279. descend = inmek, azalmak

"She was descended from an old Italian noble family"

(Come from; be connected by a relationship of blood)

280. desert = çöl

“There are no tress, no plants in this area,it looks like a desert in Arabia”

281. deserve = hak etmek

"You deserve a promotion after all the hard work you have done"

282. design = plan çizmek, tasarlamak

"This room is not designed for work" "he made no secret of his designs" (An anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions)

283. design = plan

"the awkward design of the

keyboard made operation difficult" "it was an excellent design for living"

284. desire = (1) istek, arzu (2) istemek, arzu etmek (= wish) “It has been a hard day for me , I desire to be at home now”

285. desolate = mutsuz, kederli (= depressed) (2) terkedilmiş (= deserted)

"depressed and desolate of soul" "the desolate surface of the moon"

286. dessert = tatlı

“Baklava is the traditional dessert of Turkey”

287. destination = hedef, varılacak yer

"he was nearly exhausted as their destination came into view"

288. destiny = kader, kısmet "we are helpless in the face of destiny"

“the will of Allah in Islam,kismat, means destiny”


289. destroy = yıkmak, yok etmek (= damage, ruin)

"The fire destroyed the house"

290. detain = alıkoymak, göz altında tutmak (= take into custody)

“The police can’t detain people without trial more than three days”

291. detect = meydana çıkarmak, işin aslını ortaya çıkarmak

(= discover, notice)

"She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water"

292. detection = teşhis etmek, belirlemek

"early detection can often lead to a cure"

293. deter (someone) from = caydırmak, engel olmak

(= discourage)

“The police detered the drunk man from committing suicide”

294. deteriorate = kötüleşmek, kötüye gitmek (= aggravate, worsen) "Her condition deteriorated"

295. determination = (1) azim, kararlılık (= ambition)

"his determination showed in his every movement"

296. devastate = yıkmak, tahrip etmek (= destroy)

“The bomb devastated the whole region”

297. develop = (1) geliş(tir)mek, genişle(t)mek, ortaya atmak (teori, fakir vb) (2) (foto) film banyo ettirmek (3) (vücudun ürettiği bir hastalığa) yakalanmak “develop cancer”

"The country developed its natural resources"

"Please develop this roll of film for me"

"The patient developed abdominal pains"

298. deviate = sapmak, yönünü değiştirmek (= diverge, stray) "The river was deviated to prevent flooding"

299. devote = adamak "I devote my soul to God"


300. diagnose = teşhis etmek

“The doctor diagnosed that the child had an ear infection”

301. differentiate = ayırmak (= distinguish)

"We differentiate several kinds of maple"

302. diminish = azalmak (= decline) “His last sentence diminished him in people’s eyes”

303. direct = (1) yönetmek (2) (turiste vb) yol göstermek (guide) “Despite his young age he has directed numerous films so far” "He directed the children to do their homework"

304. disappearance =

ortadan/gözden kaybolmak (= vanish) "what was responsible for the

disappearance of the rainforest?" 305. disclose = açığa çıkarmak, gün ışığına çıkarmak (= reveal, display) "The auction house would not disclose the price at which the van Gogh had sold"

306. discover = keşfetmek "Roentgen discovered X-rays"

307. discriminate = (ırk, yaş, cinsiyet vb) ayrımcılık yapmak “The government discriminates between men and women”

308. discriminate against = bir klimsenin/şeyin aleyhinde davranmak, peşin hükümle hareket etmek

“The government discriminates against Africaans”

309. discuss = tartışmak (= argue)

"The class discussed Dante's 'Inferno'"

310. disease = hastalık, maraz (= illness, ailment)

“In most parts of the world

thousand of people die of diseases” 311. dismiss = kovmak (işten), kafasından çıkarmak

“The secretary dismissed by the boss”

"She dismissed his advances" 312. dismissal = kovma, başından savma


“Her dismissal to another country made everybody upset”

313. dispatch = göndermek, yollamak (= send, submit)

"He dispatched the task he was assigned"

"the traitor was dispatched by the conspirators"

(Kill without delay)

314. display = göstermek, sergi *** on display = sergide

"National leaders will have to display the highest skills of statesmanship" "made a display of strength"

(Something intended to communicate a particular impression)(n)

"a display of emotion"

(Behaviour that makes your feelings public)(n)

315. displeased = hoşnut kalmamış, memnun olmayan

(= discontented, unsatisfied)

“The tourists were displeased with the hotel they stayed”

316. dispose of = başından atmak, --- den kurtulmak (= get rid of) "He disposed of these cases quickly"

317. dispute = (1) tartışmak, anlaşamamak (= disagree) (2) anlaşmazlık (= controversy)

“The workers are always disputing over working conditions”

"he had a dispute with his wife" (A disagreement or argument about something important)(n)

318. disqualify = diskalifiye etmek, elemek, yetersiz görmek

"She was disqualified for the Olympics because she was a professional athlete"

"Your income disqualifies you"

319. disseminate = (bilgi, fikir vb) yaymak, dağıtmak

“Newspapers disseminate information”

320. distinct = (1) farklı, ayrı, bağımsız (= different) (2) açık seçik, net (= clear)

"the word 'nationalism' is used in at least two distinct senses"

321. distinguish = ayırmak, farkını söylemek (= differentiate)


"His modesty distinguishes him from his peers"

322. distort = (1) (olayın aslını) çarpıtmak, farklı bir anlam yüklemek (= misrepresent) (2) (şeklini/biçimini vb) bozmak, tahrif etmek

(= disfigure)

“Don’t distort my words,I didn’t tell you to come late”

"our words are distortable things--as in a crooked mirror held up to nature"

323. distress = (1) tehlike (2) acı, ıstırap

“Their marriage is in distress,they could divorce in a few months” "the death of his wife caused him great distress"

"Originally distress was a landlord's remedy against a tenant for unpaid rents or property damage but now the landlord is given a landlord's lien"

(The seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim)

324. distribute = dağıtmak (= deliver, hand out)

"The publisher wants to distribute the book in Asia"

325. divert = (trafik yönünü vb) saptırmak, başka yöne çevirmek “Since the cars bogged down in the traffic,they were diverted through the main road”

326. dizzy = başı dönen, kendini bayılacak gibi hisseden (= giddy) “I felt dizzy after three bottles of beer”

327. docile (dosayl) = uysal, evcil "a gentle old horse, docile and obedient"

328. dominate = egemen/baskın olmak, hakim olmak, idaresi altına almak

"Her husband completely dominates her"

"The villa dominates the town" (Look down on)

329. donate = (para, kan vb) bağış yapmak (= contribute)


"I donated blood to the Red Cross for the victims of the earthquake" "donate money to the orphanage"

330. donation = (para, kan vb) bağış yapmak (= contribution)

“Donations from the public were only the help for the army in the

freedom war”

331. dowry = çeyiz

“In Turkish custom dowry is very important for the brides”

332. dramatic = (1) tiyatro ile ilgili (= theatrical) (2) önemli, kayda değer (= drastic) (3) ani, çok hızlı

(fiyatlarda ani ve hızlı artış gibi) "dramatic arts"

"a dramatic sunset"

"a dramatic rescue at sea" “Lately there have been some dramatic raises of petroleum in the country”

333. draw = (1) (resim vb) çizmek (2) (perde vb) çekmek, kenara almak (3) (sonuç) çıkarmak (***draw a

conclusion) (4) bir maçın berabere bitmesi

"draw a line" "draw a wagon"

"He drew great benefits from his membership in the association" "The teams drew a tie"

"draw a chicken"

(Remove the entrails of)

334. dress code = (bir işyerinde veya okulda) kıyafet genelgesi

“All the officials of state offices have to obey the dress code in Turkey”

335. drug addict = eroin bağımlısı “The drug addict admitted buying the drugs from the dealer”

336. drug dealer = eroin ticareti yapan kişi

“The drug dealer was caught by the police in the last operation called ‘Hawk Eyes’”

337. dustbin = çöp kutusu (= trash can)


“You should throw the rubbish into the dustbin not to the street”

338. earthquake = deprem

“The precautions for the earthquake are listed in the report”

"selling the company caused an earthquake among the employees" (A disturbance that is extremely disruptive)

339. edit = bir yazılı metni okunur ve basılabilir hale getirmek, editörlük yapmak

"she edited the letters of the politician so as to omit the most personal passages"

"The same family has been editing the influential newspaper for almost 100 years"

"she edited the juiciest scenes" (Cut or eliminate)=blue-pencil

340. edition = (kitap,kaset,cd vb.) basım, baskı, yayın

"they issued a limited edition of Bach recordings"

"it was too late for the morning edition"

341. educate = eğitmek (= train) "We must educate our youngsters better"

342. effect = etki (= influence, impact) *have an effect on = üzerinde etkisi olmak

"the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise"

"she retained that bold effect in her reproductions of the original


(An outward appearance)

343. elect = seçmek (= vote for) "We elected him chairman of the board"

"I elected to have my funds deposited automatically"

344. eliminate = elemek, den kurtulmak (= get rid of) (2) yok etmek, yıkmak (= destroy) "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"

"The cyclist has eliminated all the competitors in the race"

"This possibility can be eliminated from our consideration"

345. elimination = (1) ortadan kaldırma, yok etme, bertaraf etme (2) hesaba katmama


“In this turn of the competition we have an elimination system so one of the competitors will be eliminated by this question”

“Analysis of a problem into

alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of

unacceptable alternatives means elimination”

346. embarrass = utandırma (= humiliate)

“Don’t embarrass me by telling my mistakes everytime “

"He embarrased his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss"

347. embrace = (1) kucaklamak (= hug, cuddle) (2) (fikir, din vb) benimsemek

"She embraced Catholicism"

348. emerge = ortaya çıkmak (= come out)

"Some nice results emerged from the study"

"He felt new emotions emerge" 349. emphasize = vurgulamak "Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet"

"Her gesture emphasized her words"

350. employ = (1) işe almak (2) (metot, yöntem vb) uygulamak "How many people has she employed?"

351. empty = (1) boşaltmak (2) boş "an empty glass"

"an empty room" "full of empty seats" "empty hours"

"empty promises"

(Devoid of significance or point) "after skipped lunch the men were empty by suppertime"

(Needing nourishment)

352. emulate = taklit etmek (= imitate, copy)

"He is emulating the skating skills of his older sister"

"This artist's drawings cannot emulate his water colours" (Compete with successfully; approach or reach equality with)

353. enable = olanaklı kılmak "This skill will enable you to find a job on Wall Street"


"The rope enables you to secure yourself when you climb the mountain"

354. enclose = çevresini sarmak "darkness enclosed him"

355. encounter = karşılaşmak ( to face)

“We’ll probably encountered at the meeting last week”

356. encourage = teşvik etmek "His financial success encouraged him to look for a wife"

357. endure = dayanmak

"The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"

358. enhance = çekici hale getirmek, arttırmak

"This sauce will enhance the flavour of the meat"

"This will enhance your enjoyment" 359. enhancement = yükseltme, artırma, çoğaltma

(= improvement, enrichment)

“Enhancement means an improvement that makes something more


360. enlarge = büyütmek, genişletmek

"She enlarged the flower beds"

361. enquire = soruşturmak "The district attorney's office enquired reports of possible irregularities"

362. enslave = köleleştirmek, esir etmek

“A few powerful countries want to enslaved all undeveloped countries”

363. ensure = birini temin

etmek/emin kılmak, birine garanti vermek

"This nest egg will ensure a nice retirement for us"

364. entertain = eğlendirmek “By entertaining all the guests the clown held the attention”

365. entirely = tamamen (= completely)

"a school devoted entirely to the needs of problem children"


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