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電漿表面功能化對二氧化鈦相變 化及顯微結構之研究


Academic year: 2021

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,非常適合做為人體的植入物,然而鈦金屬與其合金之所 以具極佳的生物相容性 (Biocompatibility) 主要是與其表面 的氧化層有關,研究指出植體表面氧化層厚度與錶面結構 對於細胞初始的攀附行為、增殖及分化有密切的關係。而 本研究將利用氧氣電漿鈦金屬表面做氧化處理,並使其表 面呈現奈米化結構,藉此表面處理來提高鈦金屬之生物相 容性。而結果顯示,經電漿處理後之表面氧化層,其相由 α 相 轉變為 α + TiO 再轉變為 α + TiO + ??-TiO2 ,這樣 的結果是於先前研究中沒發現過的,而 ??-TiO2 可有效提 高植體的骨整合。此外,氧化層中形成的奈米 TiO + ??-Ti O2 相之奈米結構可提高蛋白質的貼附,藉此提高細胞的 貼附及血液反應,藉此提高生物相容性,並有效提高骨整 合。

電漿表面功能化對二氧化鈦相變 化及顯微結構之研究


Metals are becoming increasingly popular as surgical implants in the cardiovascular, neurosurgery, maxill ofacial, orthopedic and dental fields by many researches. They are due to their excellent biocompatibility a nd mechanical properties. As mentioned above, the surface characteristics of the implant, such as pore size s/roughness, oxide thickness are related to initial cell behaviors and enhancing osseointegration. It can be g ood for osseointegration if the implant can effectively keep the oxidation layer with nanoporousity and incr easing oxide thickness. Based on the present study, in order to gain the thick oxidation and the nanoporous structure, the titanium hydride is the main factor in forming thick nanoporous oxide layer.

This study investigated the feasibility of using oxygen plasma discharging on titanium for forming a bioco mpatible layer between the bone plate and bone tissue. Plasma discharging formed a nanostructural oxidati on layer on the titanium bone plate. The nanostructural oxidation layer revealed oxygen and titanium bondi ng states following oxygen plasma discharging. A (α ?_ (α + TiO) ?_ (α + TiO + ??-TiO2)) phase transition was observed within the titanium matrix during plasma discharging. This result has never been previously r eported. The plasma oxidation with argon pretreatment not only produces titanium oxide layer, but also res ults in formation of nanostructural titanium oxide phase. Nano-rutile-TiO2 (??-TiO2) can be enhanced osse ointegration of implant such as orthopedic and dental implants. In addition, nano-(TiO + ??-TiO2) phases were formed on the nanostructural oxidation layer by plasma discharging. Formation of a nanostructural ru tile-TiO2 on oxidation layer is related with the cell and blood reaction and distribution selectivity, then pro moting hemocompatibility and protein binding as well as osseointergration. Therefore, surface oxidation b y plasma discharging is thus believed to improve the biocompatibility and tissue healing. Furthermore, plas ma-discharging not only enhances phase transformation on titanium surface, but also generates a nanostruc tural oxide layer, improving the bioactivity and hemocompatibility of bone plate.

Research of Phase Transition and Microstructure on Titanium Oxide Film by Plasma Functionalizatio



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